A 2-3 zone is a classic zone used by many college basketball teams. In a 2-3 zone, two defensive players are positioned near the elbows. Three defensive players are behind them, one in the paint , and one on each side of the paint. 2-3 zones are effective because they keep the dribbler out of the lane and at the critical shooting locations like the high post and low post .
In using a zone, you protect the paint area and force the opponent to shoot from outside. An example would be using the 2-3 zone which clogs the paint and invites the offense to shoot from outside. Use it to see if the opponent can shoot from outside consistently. Even good shooting teams have off nights, especially under tournament pressure. 3.
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1-3-1 Zone Defense. By Hoops U. The 1-3-1 Zone Defense is an excellent zone defensive system that can greatly confuse and disrupt opposing offenses. The strength of the 1-3-1 lies in taking away the perimeter shot, as well as being able to pressure and trap with some minor adjustments.
In a zone defense players are responsible for guarding an area (zone) of the court. This is an alternative to man to man defense where players are responsible for guarding a specific player on the opposing team. Good zones can limit the numbers of fouls you commit.
There are six primary trap zones. Two are in the back court and four are in the front court. Secondary Trap Zones. Secondary trap zones are the sideline or baseline locations where, defensively, one out of bounds line comes into play. Defenders should be constantly pushing and forcing ballhandlers into trap zones.
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There are zones (1-2-2, 1-3-1, 2-3 etc.), man (full-court, half-court), traps (amoeba, ¾ court, corner trap etc.) and everything inbetween. The question you need to answer, is your team ready for them?
Zone defenses are great for stopping inside scoring as multiple players can surround or "collapse" on a player getting the ball on the inside. They are not as good at stopping outside or long shots. So zone defenses are often deployed against offensive basketball teams that have a strong inside offensive game, but a weak outside game.
A zone hinders the offensive team’s development too. Most zones in youth basketball will pack the paint with defenders and force their opponent to shoot long shots from the outside. This is because players aren’t guarding a direct opponent, they’re guarding an area.