Since the end of the 17th century, the process of pitching stumps into the ground to set up a game of cricket has been called “pitching the stumps”. By the late 1800s, people started using “pitch” as a noun to describe a playing area. By 1900, pitch was used specifically for a football (or soccer) playing area. Pitch = playing area. In England, the term “field” usually refers to an open space, as in a pasture or grassy area, not a playing area.
A soccer field is called a "pitch" because the British definition of the word, according to the Oxford Dictionary, is "a playing field." Soccer was created in England, and while it has become popular among U.S. soccer fans to adopt the term, it is simply the British version of "field." In England, the term "pitch" is also used to describe the field used to play cricket and rugby, according to Sporting Life 360.
So why is a soccer field called a pitch? Michael Quinion of World Wide Words has the very interesting answer: The oldest sense of pitch that’s immediately relevant is that of thrusting a stake or pole into the ground (as in pitching a tent). The sense of a playing field comes via that, originally from cricket.
Football goals were first described in England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. In 1584 and 1602 respectively, John Norden and Richard Carew referred to "goals" in Cornish hurling .
A Desso Grassmaster pitch, which can now be found in most of the country’s stadiums such as Anfield, White Hart Lane and Wembley, was first laid in the home of Huddersfield Town Football Club and Huddersfield Giants Rugby League Club in 1996. The presence of both a football team and a rugby club using the pitch means that it is one of the busiest in the country, but it coped admirably with such regular usage and didn’t need to be re-laid until 2011.
The pitch is prepared differently from the rest of the field, to provide a harder surface for bowling. A pitch is often a regulation space, as in an association football pitch. The term level playing field is also used metaphorically to mean fairness in non-sporting human activities such as business where there are notional winners and losers.
The modern pitch markings finally came into being in 1902, with an added halfway line, goal areas, penalty areas and a penalty spot as we know it today. There would be only one further change. The penalty arc was added in 1937 after suggestions from various European Football Associations.
The football pitch is split with a half-way line and a center circle with a radius of 30’ | 9.15 m. Other crucial areas of the football field include the goal area and the penalty area / marks. The goal area is a rectangular zone centered on the goal starting 18’ | 5.5 m out from both goalposts and extending 18’ | 5.5 m into the pitch.